MOHAMMAD RAFIQUE MUGHAL

Mohammad Rafique Mughal is a noted archaeologist from Pakistan known for unearthing the remains of the Islamic, Buddhist and Proto-historic periods, in Punjab, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan of Pakistan.

Heritage Management-Related Administrative Appointments in Pakistan


Between 1958 and 1996 (38 years), held positions various ranks and designations in the Department of Archaeology and Museums, Pakistan’s Federal Government except for appointments as Archaeological Advisor to the Government of Bahrain (1980-1982), Senior Fulbright Scholar, U.S.A. (1988-89), Visiting Lecturer (UC Berkeley and other campuses (1977) and graduate study at the University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A. (1967-1970). All are listed below (in reverse order):

  1. Director General of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Pakistan,
    Karachi: 1993 to 1996 – (3 years)
  2. Director of Archaeology (Heritage Preservation & Management),
    Lahore: 1983-88 & 1989-93 – (9 years)
  3. Director of Explorations and Excavations, Government of Pakistan,
    Karachi: 1973 to 1977 and 1982-83 – (5 years)
  4. Archaeological Advisor, Government of Bahrain, 1980–1982 – (2 years)
  5. Director, National Museum of Pakistan
    Karachi: 1979-80 – (1 year)
  6. Assistant Director of Explorations & Excavations, Government of Pakistan,
    Karachi: 1966-67 & 1971 to 1973 – (3 years)
  7. Field Officer, Explorations and Excavations, Government of Pakistan,
    Karachi: 1961-1966 – (5 years)
  8. Curator-in-charge, Archaeological Museum, Harappa: 1959-61 – (2 years)